Irrigation can be defined as a process of putting a manageable amount of water in the soil when need There are four main methods of irrigation. One type of irrigation is the surface method. In this type of irrigation gravity is responsible for the spreading of water to the ground. Water is channeled to the field through various ways such as siphons, gated pipes and turn out structures. This method can only be applicable where the land is flat and sloping, and the soil has a medium to fine texture, to promote the spreading of the water. Sprinkler irrigation is the other mode of irrigation. In this method water is sprayed and sprinkled in the air just like rain. Equipment such as pipes and sprinklers are needed for the method, therefore, making it quite expensive. The the benefit of this method is that it can be used regardless of the terrain.
Drip is another irrigation method. In this method water is applied through emitters direct to the soil inform of drops or streams. All soil types are viable for use with this method. Subsurface irrigation is an irrigation method. Water is put below the soil surface in this irrigation method. Depending on the depth of the water table this may vary. In the society today irrigation has been of great benefit. The the major benefit of irrigation is that it has helped to protect crops against drought. Crops thrive well and as a result, lead to a great harvest. Irrigation has helped nations improve food security thus reducing hunger-related deaths.
Soil nutrients are preserved through the use of irrigation. Manual watering may cause runoff water, this may cause the nutrients present in the soil to be carried away or leached. Irrigation helps also to improve the plant growth rate. The plans are able to make their foods at a fast rate through photosynthesis due to their green colour. This aid in time management since plants will not experience stunted growth. The another benefit resulting from irrigation is minimal weed growth retain the land. When an irrigation system is installed, only areas that need water will receive. T his aids in reducing the chances of weed growth in the farm. There is great time management due to irrigation. One is able to conserve the time that he or she would have used to water the land manually.
Application of irrigation has benefited in changing formally unproductive land into good use. This helps to reduce land wastage since more land is put into use. It is not difficult to practice land irrigation since one can as well use groundwater-surface water and recycled water instead of tap water. Irrigation materials are not hard to get since apart from them being available in the market they are also present in online markets. Many online shops have gotten into online marketing of irrigation tools at considerably low costs that will not exploit the customers.